Laparoscopy is an outpatient surgical procedure to view the pelvic organs by using a small, lighted telescope (laparoscope) inserted through the abdomen at the belly button. This procedure is used to diagnose and treat problems such as blocked fallopian tubes, endometriosis, ovarian cysts, or adhesions (scar tissue) all of which may impact fertility.
A laparoscopy is performed under general anesthesia. After you are asleep, a needle is inserted through your belly button and the abdomen is filled with carbon dioxide gas. The gas pushes the internal organs away from the abdominal wall so the telescope and any necessary instruments can be used in the cavity to treat your condition.
When the procedure is complete, the gas is removed from your abdomen, the incisions are closed, and you are taken to a recovery room. When the effects of anesthesia have worn off you may return home and continue your recovery for a few days prior to resuming activity and work. A two-week follow-up appointment will be scheduled prior to the procedure.