The most common fertility medications are classified as ovulation induction drugs. Ovulation induction medications are approved for patients with various ovulation disorders with the goal of producing a single mature egg during a treatment cycle.
These drugs may also be used for what is known as “super”ovulation in patients with normal ovulation function. These medications stimulate the ovaries to produce more than the usual one follicle per month, thus increasing the number of eggs exposed to sperm and increasing the chance for pregnancy.
Another type of ovulation induction medication is classified as gonadotropins (Repronex®, Follistim®R, Gonal-F®). They can stimulate the ovaries to produce many dominant follicles each cycle. Gonadotropins are currently administered by injection. These fertility medications can be used in combination with sexual intercourse, intrauterine insemination (IUI), or in vitro fertilization (IVF) to enhance your chance for conception.